Sources of osmium isotopes in manganese nodules

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doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(88)90274-8
Authors:Palmer, M. R.; Falkner, Kelly K.; Turekian, K. K.; Calvert, Stephen E.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Yale Univ., Dep. Geol. and Geophys., New Haven, CT, United States
Other:
Mass. Inst. Technol., United States
Univ. B.C., Canada
Volume Title:Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Source:Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(5), p.1197-1202. Publisher: Pergamon, Oxford, International. ISSN: 0016-7037
Publication Date:1988
Note:In English. 39 refs.; illus. incl. 2 tables
Summary:The isotopic composition of Os and Os concentrations were measured on nodules and ferromanganese crusts forming on serpentinized peridotites from the Atlantic and Indian oceans. The objective was to test the hypothesis that if alteration of ultramafic rocks releases Os to sea-water, then ferromanganese crusts forming on serpentinized peridotites could record the release of such Os. Major-elements were also determined on these crusts and on manganese nodules previously analysed for Os. Major-element concentrations and Os isotope data are presented. The average 187Os/186Os of the crusts is the same as that of the Mn nodules from the Atlantic floor and this alone does not disprove the hypothesis. Variations in the 187Os/186Os ratios of the Mn nodules are discussed; large-scale variations result from the impression of intense local Os input from continental and oceanic sources, while fine variations may be the result of mixing of constant, fine meteoritic Os with Os precipitated from sea-water. [R.K.H.]
Subjects:Geochemistry; Isotopes; Manganese composition; Mass transfer; Metals; Nodules; Os-187/Os-186; Osmium; PH; Platinum group; Radioactive isotopes; Sea water; Stable isotopes
Abstract Numbers:88M/5599
Record ID:1988048256
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Mineralogical Abstracts, United Kingdom, Twickenham, United Kingdom
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100 1 |a Palmer, M. R.  |e analytic author  |u Yale Univ., Dep. Geol. and Geophys., New Haven, CT 
245 1 0 |a Sources of osmium isotopes in manganese nodules 
300 |a p. 1197-1202 
500 |a In English. 39 refs. 
500 |a Abstract number: 88M/5599 
500 |a Abstractor: R.K.H. 
500 |a Affiliation: Yale Univ., Dep. Geol. and Geophys.; New Haven, CT; USA; United States 
500 |a Affiliation: Mass. Inst. Technol.; ; USA; United States 
500 |a Affiliation: Univ. B.C.; ; CAN; Canada 
500 |a Key title: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 
500 |a Source note: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(5), p.1197-1202. Publisher: Pergamon, Oxford, International. ISSN: 0016-7037 
500 |a Publication type: journal article 
504 |b 39 refs. 
510 3 |a GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Mineralogical Abstracts, United Kingdom, Twickenham, United Kingdom 
520 |a The isotopic composition of Os and Os concentrations were measured on nodules and ferromanganese crusts forming on serpentinized peridotites from the Atlantic and Indian oceans. The objective was to test the hypothesis that if alteration of ultramafic rocks releases Os to sea-water, then ferromanganese crusts forming on serpentinized peridotites could record the release of such Os. Major-elements were also determined on these crusts and on manganese nodules previously analysed for Os. Major-element concentrations and Os isotope data are presented. The average >187`Os/>186`Os of the crusts is the same as that of the Mn nodules from the Atlantic floor and this alone does not disprove the hypothesis. Variations in the >187`Os/>186`Os ratios of the Mn nodules are discussed; large-scale variations result from the impression of intense local Os input from continental and oceanic sources, while fine variations may be the result of mixing of constant, fine meteoritic Os with Os precipitated from sea-water. 
650 7 |a Geochemistry  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Isotopes  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Manganese composition  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Mass transfer  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Metals  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Nodules  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Os-187/Os-186  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Osmium  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a PH  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Platinum group  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Radioactive isotopes  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Sea water  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Stable isotopes  |2 georeft 
700 1 |a Falkner, Kelly K.,  |e analytic author 
700 1 |a Turekian, K. K.,  |e analytic author 
700 1 |a Calvert, Stephen E.,  |e analytic author 
773 0 |t Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta  |d Oxford : Pergamon, May 1988  |x 0016-7037  |y GCACAK  |n Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(5), p.1197-1202. Publisher: Pergamon, Oxford, International. ISSN: 0016-7037 Publication type: journal article  |g Vol. 52, no. 5  |h illus. incl. 2 tables 
856 |u urn:doi: 10.1016/0016-7037(88)90274-8