State of stress and crustal deformation along weak transform faults

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Authors:Zoback, Mark D.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Stanford Univ., Dep. Geophys., Stanford, CA, United States
Other:
Univ. Durham, United Kingdom
Univ. Liverpool, United Kingdom
Volume Title:Tectonic stress in the lithosphere
Volume Authors:Whitmarsh, R. B., editor; Bott, M. H. P.; Fairhead, J. D.; Kusznir, N. J.
Source:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 337(1645), p.141-150; A Royal Society discussion meeting ; Tectonic stress in the lithosphere, London, United Kingdom, Apr. 10-11, 1991, edited by R. B. Whitmarsh, M. H. P. Bott, J. D. Fairhead and N. J. Kusznir. Publisher: Royal Society of London, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0080-4614
Publication Date:1991
Note:In English. 41 refs.; illus. incl. sect., sketch map
Summary:While the frictional strength of the upper crust is high, the frictional resistance to motion along transform plate boundaries is very low. The horizontal principal stresses must therefore be orientated [vertical bar][vertical bar] and perpendicular the transform-fault zone to minimize shear stresses acting [vertical bar][vertical bar] the transform. Near-fault normal compression and fault-normal crustal shortening is expected along plate margins accommodating relative convergence (transgressive margins). Along transtensional margins extension is expected to occur perpendicular the transform. [R.K.H.]
Subjects:Crust; Faults; Plate boundaries; Processes; Stress; Strike-slip faults; Transform faults
Abstract Numbers:92M/2333
Record ID:1992003419
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Mineralogical Abstracts, United Kingdom, Twickenham, United Kingdom
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040 |a ViAlAGI  |c ViAlAGI 
072 7 |a 18  |2 georeft 
100 1 |a Zoback, Mark D.  |e analytic author  |u Stanford Univ., Dep. Geophys., Stanford, CA 
245 1 0 |a State of stress and crustal deformation along weak transform faults 
300 |a p. 141-150 
500 |a In English. 41 refs. 
500 |a Abstract number: 92M/2333 
500 |a Abstractor: R.K.H. 
500 |a Affiliation: Stanford Univ., Dep. Geophys.; Stanford, CA; USA; United States 
500 |a Affiliation: Univ. Durham; ; GBR; United Kingdom 
500 |a Affiliation: Univ. Liverpool; ; GBR; United Kingdom 
500 |a Key title: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences 
500 |a Source note: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 337(1645), p.141-150; A Royal Society discussion meeting ; Tectonic stress in the lithosphere, London, United Kingdom, Apr. 10-11, 1991, edited by R. B. Whitmarsh, M. H. P. Bott, J. D. Fairhead and N. J. Kusznir. Publisher: Royal Society of London, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0080-4614 
500 |a Publication type: conference paper or compendium article 
504 |b 41 refs. 
510 3 |a GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Mineralogical Abstracts, United Kingdom, Twickenham, United Kingdom 
520 |a While the frictional strength of the upper crust is high, the frictional resistance to motion along transform plate boundaries is very low. The horizontal principal stresses must therefore be orientated [vertical bar][vertical bar] and perpendicular the transform-fault zone to minimize shear stresses acting [vertical bar][vertical bar] the transform. Near-fault normal compression and fault-normal crustal shortening is expected along plate margins accommodating relative convergence (transgressive margins). Along transtensional margins extension is expected to occur perpendicular the transform. 
650 7 |a Crust  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Faults  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Plate boundaries  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Processes  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Stress  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Strike-slip faults  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Transform faults  |2 georeft 
700 1 |a Bott, M. H. P.,  |e monographic editor 
700 1 |a Fairhead, J. D.,  |e monographic editor 
700 1 |a Kusznir, N. J.,  |e monographic editor 
711 2 |a A Royal Society discussion meeting ; Tectonic stress in the lithosphere  |d (1991 :  |c London, United Kingdom)  
773 0 |a Whitmarsh, R. B., editor  |t Tectonic stress in the lithosphere  |d London : Royal Society of London, Oct. , 15 1991  |k Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences  |x 0080-4614  |y PTRMAD  |n Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, 337(1645), p.141-150; A Royal Society discussion meeting ; Tectonic stress in the lithosphere, London, United Kingdom, Apr. 10-11, 1991, edited by R. B. Whitmarsh, M. H. P. Bott, J. D. Fairhead and N. J. Kusznir. Publisher: Royal Society of London, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0080-4614 Publication type: conference paper or compendium article  |g Vol. 337, no. 1645  |h illus. incl. sect., sketch map