Role of the tectonic facies concept in orogenic analysis and its application to Tethys in the eastern Mediterranean region

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doi: 10.1016/0012-8252(94)90028-0
Authors:Robertson, Alastair H. F.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Edinburgh, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Volume Title:Earth-Science Reviews
Source:Earth-Science Reviews, 37(3-4), p.139-213. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0012-8252
Publication Date:1994
Note:In English. 320 refs.; illus., incl. sects., 6 tables, geol. sketch maps
Summary:The purpose of this paper is to advocate the use of a tectonic facies concept which aids systematic and objective analysis of orogenic belts. The tectonic facies concept, as discussed here, focuses on the recognition of discrete tectonic settings, mainly those exposed at high crustal levels in orogenic belts. Application of the tectonic facies concept can help field geologists to relate plate-scale processes to outcrop geology. Tectonic facies are recognised based on knowledge of the modern oceans and margins and well constrained land settings. Tectonic facies (analogous to sedimentary facies) can be identified from integrated sets of field data and related laboratory studies. A number of tectonic facies models can be recognised in this way. Their identification aids interpretation and comparisons of orogenic belts. Palinspastic reconstructions require additional information, particularly age, kinematic and palaeomagnetic data. In this paper, the tectonic facies concept is tested by application to a well documented, mainly high-level orogenic segment, Tethys in the Eastern Mediterranean area, and is found to be an effective way both of the describing and interpreting this region. Other methods of tectonic analysis (e.g. recognition of tectono-stratigraphic terranes) may also be found useful in certain settings and can be used in conjunction with the tectonic facies concept.
Subjects:Antalya Complex; Aulacogens; Back-arc basins; Basalts; Basins; Carbonate platforms; Compression tectonics; Extension tectonics; Facies; Faults; Fore-arc basins; Igneous rocks; Lithofacies; Melange; Mesozoic; Microplates; Mid-ocean ridge basalts; Ophiolite complexes; Orogenic belts; Passive margins; Plate collision; Plate convergence; Plate divergence; Plate tectonics; Reconstruction; Rift zones; Sea-floor spreading; Spreading centers; Strike-slip faults; Subduction; Suture zones; Tectonics; Tectonostratigraphic units; Terranes; Tethys; Troodos Ophiolite; Uplifts; Volcanic rocks; East Mediterranean; Mediterranean region; Mediterranean Sea; Avdella Melange; Ermioni Complex; Karakaya Complex; Kure Complex; Mamonia Complex; Mesaoria Basin; Pindos Ophiolite
Coordinates:N301000 N464000 E0420000 E0100000
Abstract Numbers:95M/3407
Record ID:1995018517
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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