Geochemical mapping and databases in Finland

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doi: 10.1016/0375-6742(94)00062-X
Authors:Salminen, R.; Tarvainen, T.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Geological Survey of Finland, Geochemistry Department, Espoo, Finland
Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, China
Volume Title:Geochemical exploration 1993
Volume Authors:Maurice, Yvon T., editor; Xie Xuejing
Source:Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 55(1-3), p.321-327; 16th international geochemical exploration symposium (IGES) and 5th Chinese exploration geochemistry symposium (CEGS) joint meeting, Beijing, China, Sept. 1-6, 1993, edited by Yvon T. Maurice and Xie Xuejing. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam-New York, International. ISSN: 0375-6742
Publication Date:1995
Note:In English. 14 refs.; illus.
Summary:Regional geochemical maps in Finland have been produced from many different programmes. The scale of sampling, the material collected and the analytical methods used varied according to the aim of the study. The entire country was covered at a reconnaissance scale using glacial till, groundwater, surface water and organic stream sediments as sampling media. Glacial till was sampled throughout the country at a regional scale. Local scale mapping and detailed geochemical studies are carried out in selected areas. The main analytical methods have been ICP-AES and ICP-MS, but other methods were used when necessary. In assaying solid material, both total decomposition and strong acid (aqua regia) leaching were used. The results are stored in ALKEMIA, a database developed in the geochemistry department of the Geological Survey of Finland. The data are available as tabulated ASCII files and as digital image files on diskettes, or as various types of symbol and colour maps from desired areas or map sheets. Two examples of the application of geochemical mapping data in prospecting and in environmental research are presented. Indications of the presence of gold and multiple-sulphide ore deposits have been the most useful results obtained from a prospecting standpoint. On the environmental side, reconnaissance scale geochemical mapping data gave more reliable information on the base cation concentration than bedrock maps, making them particularly valuable in devising an acidification assessment model. Abstract Copyright (1995) Elsevier, B.V.
Subjects:Clastic sediments; Data bases; Data processing; Geochemistry; Glaciated terrains; IGCP; Mapping; Sampling; Sediments; Surveys; Till; Europe; Finland; Scandinavia; Western Europe
Abstract Numbers:96M/3362
Record ID:1996012206
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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