Spatial and temporal variations of subsidence of the East Pacific Rise (0-23°S)

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doi: 10.1016/S0012-821X(98)00114-9
Authors:Perrot, K.; Francheteau, J.; Maia, M.; Tisseau, C.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Plouzane, France
Volume Title:Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Source:Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 160(3-4), p.593-607. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0012-821X
Publication Date:1998
Note:In English. Includes 2 appendices. 49 refs.; illus., incl. 1 table, sketch map
Summary:The distributions of crustal depths as a function of age have been analysed for the southeast Pacific region, along the East Pacific Rise, between the Equator and the Easter microplate (23°S). Using age data and a new compilation of bathymetric data, subsidence rates (for both eastern and western flanks), asymmetry of subsidence and zero-age depths, are computed within flow-line corridors on the Nazca and Pacific plates. Variations of subsidence rates, axial depths and subsidence asymmetry are examined both in space (within corridors) and time (within several age intervals). The variability in these parameters along the strike of the East Pacific Rise is systematic and serves to define several orders of ridge segmentation. The largest variations of these parameters are correlated with the large-scale segmentation of the ridge axis (i.e. transform faults and very large overlapping spreading centres) and are interpreted as related to variations in mantle heterogeneities mainly dependent upon temperature. Smaller variations of subsidence parameters are correlated with second- (and sometimes third-) order segmentation of the ridge axis, which could be related to variations in axial magmatic supply. Across-strike variations of subsidence suggest the existence of small lateral temperature and density variations in the mantle. When analysing the slope of the distribution of depth versus square root of age within corridors, we have observed the existence of changes in the slope which occur at specific age limits. We have estimated the subsidence over different age ranges in order to determine the temporal evolution of subsidence parameters (rates and asymmetry). Such an analysis may inform on the past axial segmentation and on the persistence of axial discontinuities in time. A linear relationship between subsidence rates and axial depths is determined for each age range and suggests that shallower segments subside faster than deeper segments. Although a similar, statistically defined linear relationship exists for any mid-ocean spreading ridge (both for intermediate or fast-ultrafast spreading), the resultant slopes of this relationship vary from ocean to ocean and show that this relationship is not universal over all oceans. Abstract Copyright (1998) Elsevier, B.V.
Sections:Petrology
Subsections:Oceanic petrology
Subjects:Crust; Density; Easter Microplate; Faults; Magmatism; Mid-ocean ridges; Nazca Plate; Ocean floors; Oceanic crust; Pacific Plate; Plate tectonics; Rates; Sea-floor spreading; Segmentation; Spatial variations; Spreading centers; Statistical analysis; Strike-slip faults; Subsidence; Time factor; Transform faults; East Pacific; East Pacific Rise; Pacific Ocean; South Pacific; Southeast Pacific
Abstract Numbers:99M/2215
Record ID:1998070454
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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