Marbles from Roman Hispania; stable isotope and cathodoluminescence characterization

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doi: 10.1016/S0883-2927(00)00002-0
Authors:Lapuente, M. Pilar; Turi, Bruno; Blanc, Philippe
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento Ciencias de la Tierra, Saragossa, Spain
Other:
Universita "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Volume Title:Applied Geochemistry
Source:Applied Geochemistry, 15(10), p.1469-1493. Publisher: Pergamon, Oxford-New York-Beijing, International. ISSN: 0883-2927
Publication Date:2000
Note:In English. 52 refs.; illus., incl. 10 tables, sketch maps
Summary:Pure white marble has been considered a valuable ornamental and architectural material since ancient times. Many scientific techniques have been used to create an extensive data base of "finger-prints" characterizing white marbles from the major classical quarries. However, determining the provenance of white marbles is a difficult task due to their similarity in physical and chemical parameters. Three techniques (petrography, cathodoluminescence and stable C and O isotopes) have been used to characterize white marbles from the ancient quarries of the Iberian Peninsula. Maximum grain size, texture and isotopic composition can be used to identify the different quarries. Each area is generally represented by several cathodomicrofacies, but quantitative CL analysis is also helpful in distinguishing those quarries for which the data provided by other techniques are not sufficiently diagnostic. The database and the discriminating criteria presented in this study have been tentatively applied to some ancient sculptures from the National Museum of Roman Art in Merida (Spain). Abstract Copyright (2000) Elsevier, B.V.
Sections:Geochemistry
Subsections:Metamorphic rocks
Subjects:Applications; Archaeology; Artifacts; C-13/C-12; Carbon; Cathodoluminescence; Characterization; Grain size; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Marbles; Metamorphic rocks; Mineral composition; O-18/O-16; Ornamental materials; Oxygen; Petrography; Provenance; Quantitative analysis; Stable isotopes; Textures; X-ray diffraction data; Almeria Spain; Andalusia Spain; Betic Cordillera; Europe; Iberian Massif; Iberian Peninsula; Malaga Spain; Ossa-Morena Zone; Southern Europe; Spain; Estremoz Anticline
Abstract Numbers:01M/1880
Record ID:2000071980
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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