Hf-Nd element and isotope perspective on the nature and provenance of mantle and subduction components in Western Pacific arc-basin systems

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doi: 10.1093/petrology/40.11.1579
Authors:Pearce, J. A.; Kempton, P. D.; Nowell, G. M.; Noble, S. R.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Durham, Department of Geological Sciences, Durham, United Kingdom
British Geological Survey, United Kingdom
Volume Title:Journal of Petrology
Source:Journal of Petrology, 40(11), p.1579-1611. Publisher: Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0022-3530
Publication Date:1999
Note:In English. 62 refs.; illus., incl. 2 tables, sketch maps
Summary:This paper develops methods for using the integrated study of Hf-Nd element and isotope covariations to define the nature and provenance of the mantle and subduction inputs to subduction systems. In particular, it can be demonstrated that (1) Hf-Nd isotope space permits discrimination between mantle of Pacific and Indian provenance, (2) displacements from mantle arrays on Hf-Nd isotope and trace element projections can be related to the magnitude, source and composition of the subduction input, and (3) Hf-Nd isotope and trace element covariations can be used to interpret high field strength element (HFSE) anomalies [specifically, Hf anomalies on extended rare earth element (REE) patterns] in subduction-related magmas. These methods are tested using published volcanic arc data coupled with new data from the many components of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana (IBM) subduction system, namely the pre-subduction marginal basins, the Eocene to Recent volcanic arcs, and the crust, volcanogenic sediments and pelagic sediments of the subducting Pacific plate. The results of the IBM study show that the mantle that fed the IBM system was always of Indian provenance and that Pacific volcanogenic sediments make the most significant, though variable, contribution to the subduction component. Modelling demonstrates that the Nd/Hf ratio of the subduction component probably lay between 40 and infinity and thus was probably the main cause of the negative HFSE anomalies that characterize much of the Recent arc. This result may further indicate that the subducting sediment lost elements to the mantle wedge mostly by dehydration rather than fusion. In contrast, the data also show that the positive Hf anomalies that characterize much of the Protoarc cannot be attributed directly to subduction. One option consistent with Hf-Nd systematics is that the positive Hf anomalies in the Protoarc boninites were caused by fusion of mafic veins in their shallow mantle sources. Comparison with published data on other arcs shows significant inter-arc variations. For example, the subduction components in near-continent arcs (Banda, Lesser Antilles) appear to have lower Nd/Hf ratios more consistent with sediment fusion, and at least one arc (Tonga-Fiji) carries evidence of temporal variations in mantle provenance.
Subsections:Igneous rocks
Subjects:Basins; Chemical ratios; Deep Sea Drilling Project; Geochemical anomalies; Geochemical indicators; Geochemistry; Hafnium; Hf-177/Hf-176; Island arcs; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Lithogeochemistry; Mantle; Marine sediments; Metals; Nd-144/Nd-143; Neodymium; Ocean Drilling Program; Provenance; Rare earths; Sedimentary basins; Sediments; Stable isotopes; Subduction zones; DSDP Site 292; DSDP Site 447; IPOD; Izu-Bonin Arc; Leg 31; Leg 59; Mariana Trench; North Pacific; Northwest Pacific; Pacific Ocean; West Pacific
Coordinates:N154906 N154907 E1243904 E1243902
Abstract Numbers:00M/1809
Record ID:2001000079
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.
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