Late Permian (Zechstein) rifting in the Netherlands; models and implications for petroleum geology

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doi: 10.1144/petgeo.5.2.189
Authors:Geluk, Mark
Author Affiliations:Primary:
National Geological Survey, Netherlands Institute of Applied Geoscience TNO, Utrecht, Netherlands
Volume Title:Petroleum Geoscience
Source:Petroleum Geoscience, 5(2), p.189-199. Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1354-0793
Publication Date:1999
Note:In English. 38 refs.; illus., incl. geol. sketch map, 2 tables, sects.
Summary:Multidisciplinary studies in the Netherlands have revealed two new phases of late Variscan extensional faulting during the Late Permian. The names Tubantian I and II are proposed in this paper. Tubantian I movements were triggered by rapid deposition and loading of anhydrite upon a differentiated basement, in combination with mild E-W extension. A series of small pull-apart basins and tilted fault blocks formed and local collapse occurred of the Variscan Front. The relief was subsequently filled with carbonates and evaporites of the Z1 (Werra) Formation. Fault movements stopped prior to deposition of the Z2 (Stassfurt) Formation. Tubantian II movements caused uplift and erosion, especially in the southern onshore Netherlands. Contemporaneously, sandy erosional products were deposited in the southwestern offshore area of the Netherlands and the adjacent UK sector and playa-type halites and claystones accumulated in the central parts of the basin. Three features have implications for hydrocarbon exploration: the early formation of fault/dip closed structures shortly after deposition of the Upper Rotliegend; the reorganization of the fluid-flow system and the deposition of contemporaneous sandy deposits.
Sections:Petrology
Subsections:Sedimentary petrology
Subjects:Anhydrite; Depositional environment; Models; Orogeny; Paleozoic; Permian; Petroleum; Petroleum exploration; Plate tectonics; Rifting; Rotliegendes; Structural controls; Sulfates; Tectonics; Upper Permian; Variscan Orogeny; Zechstein; Europe; Netherlands; Western Europe; Tubantian
Coordinates:N500000 N560000 E0180000 E0000000
Abstract Numbers:00M/1028
Record ID:2001035501
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.
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