Overview of global 4D seismic implementation strategy

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doi: 10.1144/1354-079302-531
Authors:de Waal, Hans; Calvert, Rodney
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Shell International E&P B.V., Rijswijk, Netherlands
Other:
Bellaire Technology Center, United States
Volume Title:4D seismic technology
Volume Authors:Parker, J. R.; Bertelli, L.; Dromgoole, P.
Source:4D seismic technology, J. R. Parker, L. Bertelli and P. Dromgoole. Petroleum Geoscience, 9(1), p.1-6. Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1354-0793
Publication Date:2003
Note:In English. 8 refs.; illus., incl. sects.
Summary:For many Shell-operated fields around the world, time-lapse reservoir monitoring (4D) is now an integral part of field management and some 25 dedicated 4D surveys were acquired for this purpose by the end of 2002. This widespread application is the result of a focused implementation effort aimed at global deployment to maximize the value extracted from the surveys in terms of saved costs, increased production, increased recovery and improved HSE management, where effective implementation is achieved through a combination of global operatorship and technology capability. Apart from ensuring global deployment, there is the challenge to extend the range of 4D applicability. To achieve this the project has three application portfolios: today's "proven" 4D technology portfolio, which is about monitoring fluid movements in thick clastic oil reservoirs offshore. Results come largely from comparing reservoir simulator output with difference maps derived from repeat 4D streamer surveys; a "stretch" portfolio where the technology is applied to gas reservoirs, land data, stacked reservoirs, carbonate fields and to the monitoring of pressure changes; a "tomorrow's technology" portfolio, which has the potential to increase the application base even further. The new technologies are about the use of permanent arrays, downhole acquisition, passive listening and "smart fields" where semi-continuous 4D monitoring provides eyes and ears between the wells. More and more value is realized as 4D becomes fully integrated with subsurface work flows and modelling tools. Benefits from 4D technology for individual fields can be in the tens or hundreds of millions of dollars. A large fraction of these come from 4D surprises, illustrating that we tend to underestimate our uncertainties and suggesting different approaches to field management.
Sections:Physical properties of rocks and minerals
Subjects:Applications; Four-dimensional models; Geophysical methods; Global; Petroleum; Petroleum exploration; Reservoir rocks; Seismic methods
Abstract Numbers:03M/4911
Record ID:2003060916
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
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100 1 |a de Waal, Hans  |e analytic author  |u Shell International E&P B.V., Rijswijk 
245 1 0 |a Overview of global 4D seismic implementation strategy 
300 |a p. 1-6 
500 |a In English. 8 refs. 
500 |a Abstract number: 03M/4911 
500 |a Category Section: Physical properties of rocks and minerals 
500 |a Affiliation: Shell International E&P B.V.; Rijswijk; NLD; Netherlands 
500 |a Affiliation: Bellaire Technology Center; ; USA; United States 
500 |a Key title: Petroleum Geoscience 
500 |a Source note: 4D seismic technology, J. R. Parker, L. Bertelli and P. Dromgoole. Petroleum Geoscience, 9(1), p.1-6. Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1354-0793 
500 |a Publication type: journal article 
504 |b 8 refs. 
510 3 |a GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom 
520 |a For many Shell-operated fields around the world, time-lapse reservoir monitoring (4D) is now an integral part of field management and some 25 dedicated 4D surveys were acquired for this purpose by the end of 2002. This widespread application is the result of a focused implementation effort aimed at global deployment to maximize the value extracted from the surveys in terms of saved costs, increased production, increased recovery and improved HSE management, where effective implementation is achieved through a combination of global operatorship and technology capability. Apart from ensuring global deployment, there is the challenge to extend the range of 4D applicability. To achieve this the project has three application portfolios: today's "proven" 4D technology portfolio, which is about monitoring fluid movements in thick clastic oil reservoirs offshore. Results come largely from comparing reservoir simulator output with difference maps derived from repeat 4D streamer surveys; a "stretch" portfolio where the technology is applied to gas reservoirs, land data, stacked reservoirs, carbonate fields and to the monitoring of pressure changes; a "tomorrow's technology" portfolio, which has the potential to increase the application base even further. The new technologies are about the use of permanent arrays, downhole acquisition, passive listening and "smart fields" where semi-continuous 4D monitoring provides eyes and ears between the wells. More and more value is realized as 4D becomes fully integrated with subsurface work flows and modelling tools. Benefits from 4D technology for individual fields can be in the tens or hundreds of millions of dollars. A large fraction of these come from 4D surprises, illustrating that we tend to underestimate our uncertainties and suggesting different approaches to field management. 
650 7 |a Applications  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Four-dimensional models  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Geophysical methods  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Global  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Petroleum  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Petroleum exploration  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Reservoir rocks  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Seismic methods  |2 georeft 
700 1 |a Calvert, Rodney,  |e analytic author 
700 1 |a Bertelli, L.,  |e monographic author 
700 1 |a Dromgoole, P.,  |e monographic author 
773 0 |a Parker, J. R.  |t 4D seismic technology  |d London : Geological Society Publishing House, Feb. 2003  |k Petroleum Geoscience  |x 1354-0793  |n 4D seismic technology, J. R. Parker, L. Bertelli and P. Dromgoole. Petroleum Geoscience, 9(1), p.1-6. Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 1354-0793 Publication type: journal article  |g Vol. 9, no. 1  |h illus., incl. sects. 
856 |u urn:doi: 10.1144/1354-079302-531