Theoretical estimates of equilibrium chlorine-isotope fractionations

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doi: 10.1016/S0016-7037(02)01375-3
Authors:Schauble, Edwin A.; Rossman, George R.; Taylor, H. P., Jr.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA, United States
Other:
University of Michigan, United States
Volume Title:special issue dedicated to Robert N. Clayton
Volume Authors:Humayun, Munir, prefacer; O'Neil, James R.
Source:Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(17), p.3267-3281; Hudnall symposium in honor of Robert N. Clayton, Chicago, IL, June 7-8, 2001, prefaced by Munir Humayun and James R. O'Neil. Publisher: Pergamon, Oxford, International. ISSN: 0016-7037
Publication Date:2003
Note:In English. Calif. Inst. Technol., Div. Geol. and Planet. Sci., Contrib. No. 8934. 77 refs.; illus., incl. 4 tables
Summary:Equilibrium chlorine-isotope (37Cl/35Cl) fractionations have been determined by using published vibrational spectra and force-field modeling to calculate reduced partition function ratios for Cl-isotope exchange. Ab initio force fields calculated at the HF/6-31G(d) level are used to estimate unknown vibrational frequencies of 37Cl-bearing molecules, whereas crystalline phases are modeled by published lattice-dynamics models. Calculated fractionations are principally controlled by the oxidation state of Cl and its bond partners. Molecular mass (or the absence of C-H bonds) also appears to play a role in determining relative fractionations among simple Cl-bearing organic species. Molecules and complexes with oxidized Cl (i.e., Cl0, Cl+, etc.) will concentrate 37Cl relative to chlorides (substances with Cl-). At 298 K, ClO2 (containing Cl4+) and [ClO4]- (containing Cl7+) will concentrate 37Cl relative to chlorides by as much as 27 per mil and 73 per mil, respectively, in rough agreement with earlier calculations. Among chlorides, 37Cl will be concentrated in substances where Cl is bonded to +2 cations (i.e., FeCl2, MnCl2, micas, and amphiboles) relative to substances where Cl is bonded to +1 cations (such as NaCl) by ∼2 to 3 per mil at 298 K; organic molecules with C-Cl bonds will be even richer in 37Cl (∼5 to 9 per mil at 298 K). Precipitation experiments, in combination with our results, provide an estimate for Cl-isotope partitioning in brines and suggest that silicates (to the extent that their Cl atoms are associated with nearest-neighbor +2 cations analogous with FeCl2 and MnCl2) will have higher 37Cl/35Cl ratios than coexisting brine (by ∼2 to 3 per mil at room temperature). Calculated fractionations between HCl and Cl2, and between brines and such alteration minerals, are in qualitative agreement with both experimental results and systematics observed in natural samples. Our results suggest that Cl-bearing organic molecules will have markedly higher 37Cl/35Cl ratios (by 5.8 per mil to 8.5 per mil at 295 K) than coexisting aqueous solutions at equilibrium. Predicted fractionations are consistent with the presence of an isotopically heavy reservoir of HCl that is in exchange equilibrium with Cl-aq in large marine aerosols. Abstract Copyright (2003) Elsevier, B.V.
Sections:Geochemistry
Subsections:General
Subjects:Bonding; Chloride ion; Chlorides; Chlorine; Cl-37/Cl-35; Experimental studies; Geochemistry; Halides; Halite; Halogens; Isotope fractionation; Isotope ratios; Isotopes; Oxidation; Partitioning; Phase equilibria; Spectra; Stable isotopes; Sylvite; Theoretical models; Vibrational spectra
Abstract Numbers:04M/252
Record ID:2005006919
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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