New palaeomagnetic results from the Whin Sill Complex: evidence for a multiple intrusion event and revised virtual geomagnetic poles for the Late Carboniferous for the British Isles

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doi: 10.1144/0016-764903-156
Authors:Liss, D.; Owens, W. H.; Hutton, D. H. W.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Birmingham, Department of Earth Sciences, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Volume Title:Journal of the Geological Society of London
Source:Journal of the Geological Society of London, Vol.161(Part 6), p.927-938. Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0016-7649
Publication Date:2004
Note:In English. 49 refs.; illus., incl. 4 tables, sketch maps
Summary:A large-scale palaeomagnetic study (125 specimens from 88 sampling localities) has been carried out on the Whin Sill complex and its associated dykes in northern England. The dominant carrier of remanent magnetization of the doleritic rocks is relatively pure magnetite of pseudo-single domain size, and the characteristic remanent magnetizations are typically well defined and unidirectional. Regionally consistent palaeomagnetic directions are obtained from three geographically distinct parts of the Whin Sill complex, here named as the Holy Island Sill (Declination/Inclination (D/I) = 189.5/-2.8, α95 = 6.3), the Alnwick Sill (D/I = 194.6/-25.6, α95 = 8.1) and the Hadrian's Wall-Pennines Sill (D/I = 189.2/3.3, α95=3.5). Although the Holy Island Sill and the Hadrian's Wall-Pennines Sill are of similar age (c. 296 Ma) and indistinguishable on palaeomagnetic grounds, the difference in palaeomagnetic directions between them and the Alnwick Sill demonstrates the multi-component nature of the complex; magma-flow indicators suggest that the Holy Island Sill and the Hadrian's Wall-Pennines Sill may also represent separate intrusion events. Dykes local to the three sills have remanence directions corresponding to their respective sills and can tentatively be identified as their feeder dykes. Virtual geomagnetic poles for the three palaeomagnetic sites are: Holy Island Sill and Holy Island Dyke, 346.8E, 35.4S; Alnwick Sill, High Green Dyke and St. Oswald's Chapel Dyke, 337.1E, 47.1S; Hadrian's Wall-Pennines Sill and Hett Dyke, 347.1E, 32.9S.
Sections:Petrology; Physical properties of rocks and minerals
Subsections:Igneous rocks
Subjects:Carboniferous; Demagnetization; Diabase; Dikes; Emplacement; Igneous rocks; Intrusions; Magnetic minerals; Magnetization; Paleomagnetism; Paleozoic; Plutonic rocks; Sampling; Sills; Upper Carboniferous; England; Europe; Great Britain; United Kingdom; Western Europe; Whin Sill Complex
Abstract Numbers:04M/4522
Record ID:2005012519
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
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