Petrology and geochemistry of intraplate basalts in the south Auckland volcanic field, New Zealand; evidence for two coeval magma suites from distinct sources

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doi: 10.1093/petrology/egh084
Authors:Cook, Craig; Briggs, Roger M.; Smith, Ian E. M.; Maas, Roland
Author Affiliations:Primary:
University of Waikato, Department of Earth Sciences, Hamilton, New Zealand
Other:
University of Auckland, New Zealand
La Trobe University, Australia
Volume Title:Journal of Petrology
Source:Journal of Petrology, 46(3), p.473-503. Publisher: Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom. ISSN: 0022-3530
Publication Date:2005
Note:In English. 98 refs.; illus., incl. charts, 7 tables, sketch maps
Summary:The South Auckland Volcanic Field is a Pleistocene (1.59-0.51 Ma) basaltic intraplate, monogenetic field situated south of Auckland City, North Island, New Zealand. Two groups of basalts are distinguished based on mineralogy and geochemical compositions, but no temporal or spatial patterns exist in the distribution of various lava types forming each group within the field: Group A basalts are silica-undersaturated transitional to quartz-tholeiitic basalts with relatively low total alkalis (3.0-4.6 wt%), Nb (7-29 ppm), and (La/Yb)N (3.4-7.6); Group B basalts are strongly silica-undersaturated basanites to nepheline-hawaiites with high total alkalis (3.3-7.9 wt %), Nb (32-102 ppm), and (La/Yb)N (12-47). Group A has slightly higher 87Sr/86Sr, similar εNd and lower 206Pb/204Pb values compared with Group B. Contrasting geochemical trends and incompatible element ratios (e.g. K/Nb, Zr/Nb, Ce/Pb) are consistent with separate evolution of Groups A and B from dissimilar parental magmas derived from distinct subcontinental lithospheric mantle sources. Differentiation within each group was controlled by olivine and clinopyroxene fractionation. Group B magmas were generated by <8% melting of an ocean island basalt (OIB)-like garnet peridotite source with high 238U/204Pb mantle (HIMU) and enriched mantle (EMII) characteristics possibly inherited from recycled oceanic crust. Group A magmas were generated by <12% melting of a spinel peridotite source also with HIMU and EMII signatures. This source type may have resulted from subduction-related metasomatism of the sub-continental lithosphere modified by a HIMU plume. These events were associated with Mesozoic or earlier subduction- and plume-related magmatism when New Zealand was at the eastern margin of the Gondwana supercontinent.
Sections:Geochemistry; Petrology
Subsections:Igneous petrology; Igneous rocks; Volcanology
Subjects:Basalts; Cenozoic; Geochemistry; Igneous rocks; Intraplate processes; Lithogeochemistry; Magmas; Mantle; Mantle plumes; Pleistocene; Quaternary; Volcanic rocks; Auckland New Zealand; Auckland volcanic field; Australasia; New Zealand; North Island; Coeval magma unit
Coordinates:S371000 S370700 E1750000 E1745000
Abstract Numbers:05M/647
Record ID:2005038765
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2019 American Geosciences Institute.
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